Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Advantages of a Boarding School Education

Points of interest of a Boarding School Education All inclusive schools have for some time been lauded for offering understudies little class sizes, close collusions among understudies and instructors, and thorough scholastics. Be that as it may, the drawn out advantages of attening life experience school were not generally so clear. Up to this point ... on account of an intensive report did by The Association of Boarding Schools (TABS), an affiliation that works with in excess of 300 life experience schools far and wide, there is proof that underpins the benefits of a live-in school training for understudies over open and private day schools. The TABS study overviewed in excess of 1,000 life experience school understudies and graduated class and contrasted them with 1,100 government funded school understudies and 600 private day school understudies. The outcomes propose that life experience school understudies are more ready for school than understudies who go to private day schools and government funded schools and that all inclusive school understudies additionally gain quicker ground in their vocations. The explanations behind these outcomes might be an immediate consequence of basically being drenched in a scholarly situation full time. TABS has been working steadily to help live-in schools, and as of late propelled the Ready for More? Battle. That battle, alongside the consequences of the study paint a tempting picture for live-in school encounters. Scholastics and Student Life The examination directed by The Association of Boarding Schools found that 54% all inclusive school understudies report being profoundly happy with their scholastic experience, when contrasted with 42% of understudies who go to private day schools and 40% of understudies who go to open schools.â Look at these measurements from the TABS Study on what life experience school understudies state about their school condition, when contrasted with Private and Public School Students: 75% of all inclusive school understudies report that their friends are roused, when contrasted with 71% of private day school understudies, and 49% of state funded school students.â 91% of life experience school understudies feel their school is testing scholastically, when contrasted with 70% of private day school understudies and half of government funded school students.â 90% of life experience school understudies report that their instructors are high caliber, while just 62% of private day and 51% of state funded school understudies would rate their educators as high caliber. School Preparation Furthermore, all inclusive school understudies revealed that they are more ready for school than understudies from open or private day schools. The examination completed by The Association of Boarding Schools found that 87% of life experience school understudies announced that they were very decidedly ready to take on school scholastics, when contrasted with 71% of understudies from private day schools and 39% of understudies from state funded schools. Moreover, 78% of understudies at all inclusive schools said that the every day life at life experience schools set them up for different parts of school life, for example, practicing freedom, taking care of their time well, and doing admirably with school social requests. Conversely, just 36% of private day school understudies and 23% of state funded school understudies revealed that they were prepared to handle school existence with progress. Advantages Extending Beyond College Strangely, the investigation demonstrated that the advantages of having gone to life experience school expanded well into grown-up life. For instance, life experience school graduated class/ae would in general go to graduate school in more prominent numbers: half of them earned propelled degrees, when contrasted with 36% of private day school graduated class/ae and 21% of government funded school graduates. What's more, when they earned their degrees, alumni of life experience schools earned top situations in the executives to a more noteworthy degree than their partners 44% did as such, when contrasted with 33% of private day school graduates and 27% of government funded school graduates. Before the finish of their vocations, 52% of all inclusive school graduated class had accomplished top situations, when contrasted with 39% of private day school graduates and 27% of state funded school graduates. Life experience school graduated class say in astounding numbers that they making the most of their involvement with school, and, truth be told, a mind-boggling number-90%say that they would rehash it. It is obvious from the study that live-in schools offer top scholastics as well as deep rooted benefits and an affectionate network that understudies and graduated class appreciate for a lifetime. While numerous guardians pick all inclusive school chiefly for its instructive worth in the TABS study, the guarantee of decent training was the essential explanation guardians picked all inclusive schools for their kids it is obvious from the study that the schools offer considerably more than simply the involvement with the homeroom. They additionally offer understudies the capacity to practice autonomy, work intimately with their instructors, and appreciate companionships that regularly endure forever. Altered by Stacy Jagodowski

Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Rubber and Alternatives essays

Elastic and Alternatives papers A forebearer to the elastic business has been in presence since 1876 when an Englishman, Henry Wickham, came back to England from Brazil with elastic tree seeds he had accumulated for germination. In any case, societys utilization of elastic originates before that presence by right around 3500 years. The MesoAmericans were known to have utilized the latex delivered by the elastic tree for an assortment of purposes, including the creation of elastic balls that they would use for games and amusement. As of now, obviously, the elastic business makes a wide assortment of items for which elastic is consolidated. The elastic business not just keeps on utilizing the latex created by the elastic plant to deliver such items, yet it has likewise had the option to add polymer mixes to improve that creation. The utilization of polymer mixes is a powerful technique for changing the exhibition of polymer materials and is generally utilized in building plastics, elastic and fiber materials (Chiu, Tsai, 2006, p. 89). Adding polymers to the elastic gives a much progressively tough item and improves the ease of use of characteristic elastic (NR) when contrasted with the polybutadiene order of elastic (BR). Regular elastic is delegated elastic that is gotten from normal fixings, while polybutadiene elastic is named containing added substances to upgrade certain characteristics. Chius investigation of the contrasts between the two characterizations of elastic gives proof that Natural rubber...has certain focal points, for example, adaptability yet a similar report shows that a portion of its properties miss the mark in specific applications, for example, oil opposition, air porousness, ozone obstruction, pressure set and warm maturing obstruction (Chiu, p. 89). BR can be named one of various eng ineered rubbers. There are various reasons why the elastic business has thought that it was important to build up these options in contrast to utilizing characteristic elastic. Those re... <!

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Critique of the play OEDIPUS REX Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Study of the play OEDIPUS REX - Essay Example It is the prediction on which, the story is based. It is connected to the subject of the paper, as it is the fundamental prediction. As indicated by the prediction advised to Laius, the kid who was conceived in Laius’s home was to murder his dad at development and will see this go about as an achievement. Jocasta regarded this prescience as a falsehood advised by the seer as indicated by her insight, burglars slaughtered her better half. This is again the prescience that Oedipus tuned in previously yet Jocasta doesn't know about reality. This identifies with the theme, as it is again a prescience told quite a while back and coordinates Teiresias’s prediction. Oedipus educates Jocasta about his wretchedness as indicated by a prescience, it was in his fortune to be ousted from his local land and avoid his folks. He needs to leave his darling ones simply because of a prediction that disclosed to him that he would murder his dad and wed his mom. This citation is connected to the theme since it is again a prescience because of which, Oedipus needs to head out to another land by leaving his folks who have encouraged him. It is this dread because of which, the prediction comes out to be valid. Oedipus mourns on tuning in to reality and talks about his declined state. He says that everything advised to him is valid and he is a reviled animal since his introduction to the world, his realm and his wedding, all were for his evil destiny. He took birth with misfortune, murdered his dad and was associated with a depraved relationship with his mom because of which, he imagined that he is reviled trice. This statement is significant for the story as it demonstrates the prediction to be valid. This is identified with the theme, as the prescience referenced before is demonstrated valid

List of Ministers and Advisors Essay Example

Rundown of Ministers and Advisors Essay Rundown of Ministers and Advisors | SL| Name| Designation| Joining Date | Distribution of Ministry/Division | Name| From| To| | 1| Sheik Hasinaâ | Prime Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Armed Forces Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Cabinet Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Ministry of Defense  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Ministry of Public Administration  | 28-04-2011â | Till Dateâ | | 2| Mr. Abul Maal Abdul Muhithâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Finance  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Finance Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Economic Relations Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Inner Resources Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Bank and Financial Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 3| Begum Matia Chowdhuryâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Agriculture  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 4| Mr. Abdul Latif Siddiqueâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Textiles and Jute  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 5| Barrister Shafique Ahmedâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Law and Justice Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Legislative and Parliamentary Affairs Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Parliament Secretariat  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 6| Air Vice Marshal (Rtd. ) A K Khandkerâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Planning  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Planning Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Statistics and Informatics Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 7| Mr. Rajiuddin Ahmed Rajuâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Labor Employment  | 15-09-2012â | Till Dateâ | | 8| Advocate Shahara Khatunâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Posts and Tele-Communications  | 15-09-2012â | Till Dateâ | | Syed Ashraful Islamâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-agents  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Local Government Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Rural Development and Co-agents Division  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 10| Engr. Khandker Mosharraf Hossainâ | Ministerâ | 6-0 1-2009â | Ministry of Expatriates’ Welfare and Overseas Employment  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 11| Mr. Suranjit Sen Guptaâ | Ministerâ | 28-11-2011â | Without portfolio. | 17-04-2012â | Till Dateâ | | 12| Dr. Muhiuddin Khan Alamgirâ | Ministerâ | 15-09-2012â | Ministry of Home Affairs  | 15-09-2012â | Till Dateâ | 13| Mr. Md. Rezaul Karim Hiraâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Land  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 14| Mr. Abul Kalam Azadâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Cultural Affairs  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 15| Mr. Enamul Hoque Mustafa Shaheedâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Social Welfare  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 16| Mr. Dilip Baruaâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Industries  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 17| Mr. Obaidul Quaderâ | Ministerâ | 28-11-2011â | Ministry of Communications  | 5-12-2011â | Till Dateâ | | Roads Division  | 5-12-2011â | Till Dateâ | | We will compose a custom article test on List of Ministers and Advisors explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom article test on List of Ministers and Advisors explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom exposition test on List of Ministers and Advisors explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer Scaffolds Division  | 5-11-2011â | Till Dateâ | | 18| Mr. Ramesh Chandra Senâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Water Resources  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 19| Mr. Ghulam Muhammed Quaderâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Commerce  | 5-12-2011â | Till Dateâ | | 20| Mr. Hasanul Haq Inuâ | Ministerâ | 15-09-2012â | Ministry of Information  | 15-09-2012â | Till Dateâ | | 21| Mr. Muhammad Faruk Khanâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism  | 5-12-2011â | Till Dateâ | | 22| Dr. Md. Abdur Razzaqueâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Food  | 15-09-2012â | Till Dateâ | 23| Dr. Md. Afsarul Ameenâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Primary and Mass Education  | 31-07-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 24| Dr. A. F. M. Ruhal Haqueâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Health and Family Welfare  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 25| Dr. Dipu Moniâ | Ministerâ | 8-01-2009â | Ministry of Foreign Affairs  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 26| Mr. Nurul Islam Nahidâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Education  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 27| Mr. Abdul Latif Biswasâ | Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 28| Mr. Shajahan Khanâ | Ministerâ | 31-07-2009â | Ministry of Shipping  | 31-07-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 29| Dr. Hasan Mahmudâ | Ministerâ | 28-11-2011â | Ministry of Environment and Forest  | 29-11-2011â | Till Dateâ | | 30| Mr. Abul Hasan Mahamood Aliâ | Ministerâ | 15-09-2012â | Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief  | 15-09-2012â | Till Dateâ | | 31| Mr. Mostafa Faruque Mohammedâ | Ministerâ | 15-09-2012â | Ministry of Information Communication Technology  | 15-09-2012â | Till Dateâ | | 32| Mr. Md. Mazibul Hoqueâ | Ministerâ | 15-09-2012â | Ministry of Railways  | 15-09-2012â | Till Dateâ | | 33| MR. H. T. Imamâ | Adviserâ | 7-01-2009â | Public Administration Affairs  | 5-06-2011â | Till Dateâ | | 34| Dr. Mashiur Rahmanâ | Adviserâ | 7-01-2009â | Economic Adviser  | 22-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 35| Professor Dr. Syed Modasser Aliâ | Adviserâ | 7-01-2009â | Health Family Welfare and Social Welfare Affairs  | 22-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 36| Dr. Alauddin Ahmedâ | Adviserâ | 7-01-2009â | Education, Social Development and Political Affairs  | 22-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 37| Dr. Tawfiq-E-Elahi Chowdhury, BB | Adviserâ | 14-01-2009â | Adviser to the Honble Prime Minister  | 14-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 8| Dr. Gowher Rizviâ | Adviserâ | 9-07-2009â | International Relations Affairs  | 9-07-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 39| Advocate Mostafizur Rahmanâ | State Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Land  | 31-07-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 40| Capt. A B Tajul Islam (Rtd. ) | State Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Liberation War Affairs  | 6-01-20 09â | Till Dateâ | | 41| Arch. Yeafesh Osmanâ | State Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Science and Technology  | 5-12-2011â | Till Dateâ | | 42| Begum Monnujan Sufianâ | State Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Labor ; Employment  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 43| Mr. Dipankar Talukdarâ | State Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 44| Mr. Ahad Ali Sarkarâ | State Ministerâ | 6-01-2009â | Ministry of Youth and Sports  | 6-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 45| Advocate Md. Shahjahan Miahâ | State Ministerâ | 24-01-2009â | Ministry of Religious Affairs  | 24-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 46| Advocate Abdul Mannan Khanâ | State Ministerâ | 24-01-2009â | Ministry of Housing and Public Works  | 24-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 47| Advocate Md. Kamrul Islamâ | State Ministerâ | 24-07-2009â | Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs  | 24-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Law and Justice Division  | 24-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Legislative and Parliamentary Affairs Division  | 24-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Parliament Secretariat  | 24-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 48| Advocate Shamsul Hoque Tukuâ | State Ministerâ | 24-01-2009â | Ministry of Home Affairs  | 31-07-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 49| Advocate Jahangir Kabir Nanakâ | State Ministerâ | 24-01-2009â | Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-agents  | 24-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Local Government Division  | 24-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Rural Development and Co-agents Division  | 24-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 50| Mr. Md. Motahar Hossainâ | State Ministerâ | 24-01-2009â | Ministry of Primary and Mass Education  | 24-01-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 51| Mr. Muhammad Enamul Huqâ | State Ministerâ | 31-07-2009â | Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources  | 31-07-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Power Division  | 31-07-2009â | Till Dateâ | | Energy and Mineral Resources Division  | 31-07-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 52| Mr. Mozibur Rahman Fakirâ | State Ministerâ | 31-07-2009â | Ministry of Health and Family Welfare  | 31-07-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 53| Mr. Promode Mankinâ | State Ministerâ | 31-07-2009â | Ministry of Social Welfare  | 16-09-2012â | Till Dateâ | 54| Begum Shirin Sharmin Chaudhuryâ | State Ministerâ | 31-07-2009â | Ministry of Women and Children Affairs  | 31-07-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 55| Mr. Md. Mahabubur Rahamanâ | State Ministerâ | 31-07-2009â | Ministry of Water Resources  | 31-07-2009â | Till Dateâ | | 56| Mr. Omor Faruk Chowdhuryâ | State Minister â | 15-09-2012â | Ministry of Industries  | 15-09-2012â | Till Dateâ | | 57| Mr. Md. Abdul Hyeeâ | State Ministerâ | 15-09-2012â | Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock  | 15-09-2012â | Till Dateâ | | 58| Maj. Gen. (Re

Friday, August 21, 2020

Performers in Eighteenth Century British Theatre :: European Europe History

Entertainers in Eighteenth Century British Theater Eighteenth century British performance center was maybe the beginning stage that would develop into present day theater. Ladies began to be permitted in front of an audience and acting strategies were starting to change. Driving entertainers resembled famous people with various fans. Theater was a many-sided some portion of the social stepping stool. In the general plan of things the entertainers and on-screen characters had a significant influence in making the theater what it was. Without the entertainers there wouldn’t truly be theater, so as to comprehend the eighteenth century British venue the entertainers of that period should be comprehended. The social remaining of entertainers and on-screen characters in the late eighteenth century was for the most part comprehended to be of the lower class yet they were not constantly treated so. Numerous entertainers, moreover, were gotten wherever with warmth and regard. A few of them made relationships with people of qualification; (Hogan, cxx). A difficult that would regularly happen to hose an entertainer's social standing would be the aftereffect of a character they played. Individuals of the crowd would regularly consider the entertainer responsible for the shortcomings of their character. For an on-screen character to depict an adulteress was shameless, yet it would more likely than not initiate her to get one as a general rule; of an entertainer iniquity and impropriety were his main attributes; (Hogan, cxx). In a season that could include 200 evenings of exhibitions more than 100 plays might be delivered (Hogan, ciii). In view of this numerous on-screen characters and on-screen characters would should be accessible to play an incredible number of parts. For instance, in 1794-95 Quick's first appearance was on 24 September, his keep going on 25 May. This is a time of 177 evenings, out of which he followed up on 149, in 47 distinct parts (Hogan, cii). With such a bounty of parts to be learned and comprehended entertainers needed to build up a memorable framework everything. There is no careful point by point framework to how entertainers did this than just totally setting aside some effort to concentrate on the part. Hogan gives a model from Michael Kelly‘s Reminiscences that is flawless in demonstrating the concentration and control entertainers needed to have. â€Å"Previous to the opening of the recently developed Drury path in the spring of 1794 its acting supervisor. John Philip Kemble, should obviously have had his brain busy with innumerable subtleties: the administration of a huge group of house hirelings and laborers, of accounts, of publicizing, of setting up an astounding restoration of Macbeth.

A Disturbing List of Toxic Chemicals in Cigarettes

A Disturbing List of Toxic Chemicals in Cigarettes More in Addiction Nicotine Use The Inside of Cigarettes After You Quit How to Quit Smoking Nicotine Withdrawal Smoking-Related Diseases Alcohol Use Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Coping and Recovery As of Dec. 20, 2019, the new legal age limit is 21 years old for purchasing cigarettes, cigars, or any other tobacco products in the U.S. If you are a smoker, you may try not to think about the chemicals in cigarettes. Poisons, toxic metals, and carcinogens enter your bloodstream with every puff you take.?? Those chemicals affect everything from blood pressure and pulse rate to the health of your organs and immune system. Air tainted with cigarette smoke is dangerous for anyone who breathes it, smoker or not. Take a closer look at some of the harmful chemicals in cigarettes and how they affect your health. Carcinogens A carcinogen is defined as any substance that can cause or aggravate cancer. Approximately 70 of the chemicals in cigarettes are known to cause cancer.?? Benzene  can be found in pesticides and gasoline. It is present in high levels in cigarette smoke and accounts for half of all human exposure to this hazardous chemical.Formaldehyde  is a chemical that, in liquid form, is used to preserve dead bodies. In gaseous form, it is responsible for some of the nose, throat, and eye irritation smokers experience when breathing in cigarette smoke.Vinyl chloride  is a man-made chemical that is used to make plastics. Smokers are exposed to it through cigarette filters. Carcinogens and How They Cause Cancer Toxic Metals Toxic/heavy metals are metals and metal compounds that have the potential to harm our health when absorbed or inhaled. In very small amounts, some of these metals support life, but when taken in large amounts, they can become toxic.?? Arsenic  is commonly used in rat poison. Arsenic finds its way into cigarette smoke through some of the pesticides that are used in tobacco farming.Cadmium  is a toxic heavy metal that is used in batteries. Smokers typically have twice as much cadmium in their bodies as nonsmokers. Why You Should Worry About Arsenic in Cigarette Smoke Radioactive Toxic Metals There are a couple of toxic metals in cigarette smoke that carry an extra punch of danger for anyone breathing it in because  they are radioactive. Lead-210 (Pb-210) and polonium-210 (Po-210) are poisonous, radioactive heavy metals that research has shown to be present in cigarette smoke.?? Poisons Poison is defined as any substance that, when introduced to a living organism, causes severe physical distress or death. Science has discovered approximately 250 poisonous gases in cigarette smoke.?? Ammonia  compounds are commonly used in cleaning products and fertilizers. Ammonia is also used to boost the impact of nicotine on manufactured cigarettes.Carbon monoxide  is present in car exhaust and is lethal in  large amounts. Cigarette smoke can contain high levels of carbon monoxide.Hydrogen cyanide  was used to kill people in the gas chambers. It can be found in cigarette smoke.Nicotine  is a poison used in pesticides and is the addictive element in cigarettes. What Does Ammonia in Cigarettes Do? Secondhand Smoke Also known as environmental tobacco smoke, secondhand smoke is a term used to describe cigarette smoke that comes from two sourcesâ€"smoke that is exhaled by the smoker (mainstream smoke) and smoke produced by a smoldering cigarette (sidestream smoke). Secondhand smoke is known to contain at least 250 poisonous chemicals  and another 70 cancer-causing chemicals. According to the U.S. Surgeon General, there is no risk-free level of exposure to secondhand smoke.?? That means if you can smell cigarette smoke in the air, it could be harming your health. How Secondhand Smoke Can Cause Many Illnesses If Youre Still Smoking There is no time like the present start on your journey to a smoke-free life. Youll be rewarded with benefits beyond what you can probably imagine and theyll start to occur faster than you think. Within 20 minutes of your last cigarette, your body will begin to heal. The improvements in your mental and physical health will continue to grow. It is never too late to quit smoking. How Your Body Heals After You Quit Smoking

Thursday, June 4, 2020

The Unreachable Prufrock - Literature Essay Samples

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock is at once a comic poem as well as a trenchant satire on the low aspects of urban life. Its speaker, a man going bald and self-conscious about his every gesture, represents a sexual as well as spiritual sterility that, by the end, the audience realizes is impossible to overcome. The poem proceeds not in a logical fashion, but in a stream of consciousness, where ideas are only loosely connected and there seems to be no beginning or end. This lack of direction and lack of a coherent time sequence continues until the line I shall wear the bottoms of my trousers rolled, in which the tone of the speaker becomes more assertive but nevertheless does not provide a sense of finality. Even the metaphors in the poem compare vaguely related things, and forces images into each other to create an overall sense of disjunction and chaos. T.S. Eliots judicious use of slant and internal rhymes further convince the audience that the character of J. Alfred Prufrock, a character with but a name and a voice (Bergonzi 17), is immutably unreachable, despite his carefully groomed exterior. From the very beginning, the audience is reminded that there is no way out of the world they are in Prufrocks world despite attempts to reach beyond this social bubble. The epigraph is a quotation from Dantes Inferno XXVII, the words spoken by Guido da Montefeltro, If I thought my answer were to one who ever could return to the world, this flame should shake no more; but since none ever did return alive I answer thee (Bergonzi 15). The indelible first line then follows this ominous warning: Let us go then, you and I (Eliot 276). This powerful yet apprehended invitation reflects the passages in which Virgil gently urges Dante on their journey through the Inferno and Purgatorio (Bergonzi 15). By emphasizing that the audience has now entered a point of no return, Eliot persuades us of the immutability of Prufrocks situation. The next two lines of the poem epitomize th e style of figurative language employed in the poem, When the evening is spread out against the sky/ Like a patient etherized upon a table (Eliot 276). The first line creates an aura of brooding brutality, which is confirmed in the following line by the transfixing image of a corpse on a dissection table. The combination of lyricism and brutality, of soft words and harsh ideas, is exemplified in these lines and will become a dominant element in the rest of the poem (Raffel 26).In this same simile, Eliot employs the concept of indeterminacy. This type of rhetoric appears vague because it assumes that readers will understand all the allusions, and that they will be able to construct an entire idea out of a few words or one phrase (Raffel 29). The simile in lines 2-3 makes a comparison between two vastly unrelated figures, the sky and a patient. This loose connection ties in with the intense triviality of Prufrocks own well-bred existence. Prufrock is not really living his life activel y; rather, he contemplates on situations where he could have acted or thought a certain way. His discursive narrative serves to emphasize his incapability for warmth and emotional attachment. The greatest indeterminacy in this poem is in the underlying overwhelming question, which is never expressly formulated (Raffel 31). It is safe to assume from the context that the overwhelming question which Prufrock cannot formulate is, What is the meaning of this life? (Raffel 31) He realizes that life consists of more than simply toast, tea, and cuffed trousers; however he will never be able to pose that question explicitly. Although the speaker never gives a defined outline of his thoughts the ideas are mostly jumbled and topsy-turvy through the context, readers are able to formulate this encompassing question without too much difficulty. Indeterminacy is a key element to understanding the purpose of Prufrocks train of thought, and the significance of his metaphors to the poem as a whole.Al ong with indeterminacy is the idea of parts representing a whole. Eliot never gives us tangible visual images, but rather forces us to make the most unlikely comparisons, for example comparing the sky to a stretched out patient, or associating the yellow fog that rubs its back upon the window panes with a cat (Eliot 276). He also never presents the woman whom Prufrock dreams of encountering, except in fragments and in plurals eyes, arms, skirts synecdoches we might well imagine as fetishistic replacements (Christ). The poet presents a somewhat concrete image of Prufrock himself, My morning coat, my collar mounting firmly to the chin, / My necktie rich and modest, but asserted by a simple pin , only to proceed to deconstruct it by the watching eyes of another into thin arms and legs, a balding head brought in upon a platter The poem, in these various ways, decomposes the body, making ambiguous its sexual identification (Christ). The following passage demonstrates Eliots tendency to use the French style of using the definite article with parts of the body, removing the sense of any personal identity: And I have known the eyes already, known them all The eyes that fix you in a formulated phrase, And when I am formulated, sprawling on a pin, When I am pinned and wriggling on the wall, Then how should I begin To spit out all the butt-ends of my days and ways?(Eliot 277)The fragmentation of the body also illustrates the horror of sex and its power to dissect. Eliot sees sex as the tyranny of one part of the body over the whole (North). Prufrocks sexual desires end up pulling his body apart. Eliots mentioning of scattered members evokes a horrifying image of the violence of sex [that] robs the individual of the integrity necessary to action (North). However, there also arises an element of pity to Prufrocks sexual sterility. Although he is capable of expressing desire, he is insufficiently sexual to do anything about it. He is able to contemplate and appreciate the sensuality of Arms that are braceleted and white and bare and the skirts that trail along the floor, but he will not be capable to consume his fantasies (Raffel 24). Eliots language also concisely presents an element of shock. The seemingly lyrical lines, There will be time, there will be time leads to the ominous statement, There will be time to murder and create. (Eliot 276). This contrast is also present in the transition from the serious hundred indecisionshundred visions and revisions to the mocking tone of, before the taking of a toast and tea (Raffel 26). Prufrocks dreamy and exotic observation of mermaids singing is darkened by the hopelessness of his following statement, I do not think they will sing to me (Eliot 278). He is very much a hopeless romantic, and this poem is passionately ironic. The title itself is a prime example of this irony. The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock is constructed like one of Eliots metaphors, the sweetness and delicacy of a Love Song undercut b y the bizarre and uptight name of Prufrock. In the full title of the poem the conventional expectations of Love Song are instantly and sharply counteracted by the absurd proper name that follows (Bergonzi 14).Moreover, the varied usage of rhyme and meter serve to emphasize ironic aspects of the poem. For example, the regular (but imperfect) iambic pentameter in the lines. In the room where the women come and go/ Talking of Michelangelo, as well as its blatant end rhyme, mark it as an undercutting or mocking feature. This tone passage is also ironic because it derides the very objects that Prufrock is finding to seduce: women. Overall, the use of rhyme is scattered, just as the length of stanzas and lines are varied. The rhyme in /I, sky/ in lines 1 and 2, as well as /argument, intent/ in lines 8 and 9 present an off-key sound, that reflects the discursiveness of the monologue. The persistent over-rhyme in /dare, stair, hair/ in the following passage evokes a kind of insistence that quickens the pace of the poem and adds suspense: To wonder, Do I dare? and Do I dare?Time to turn back and descend the stair,With a bald spot in the middle of my hair(Eliot 276277)Eliot uses this method to build suspense and to heighten the shock effect when it comes. The stanza beginning with the line The yellow fog that rubs its back upon the window-panes is an example of this kind of soft passage, which leads to the next, more substantial and vehemently worded stanza beginning with a similar line (Raffel 28). The structure of the stanzas, the rhyme and meter all contribute to enhance the idiosyncrasies of Prufrocks speech, which makes us pity and scorn him. The last lines of the poem have the power to almost transcend the worldly society Prufrock is permanently a part of: We have lingered in the chambers of the sea By sea-girls wreathed with seaweed red and brown Till human voices wake us, and we drown (Eliot 279)The possibility of both drowning and waking offers an eventual pos sibility of escapingfrom one of the most intense, yet controlled, immersions in extreme experience in modern literature (Bergonzi 18). Because of the hopelessness described previously, the possibility of flight becomes all the more tempting. However, this will never happen, because the dire predicament set by the epigram at the very beginning of the poem is inescapable. Eliots poem presents indirectly through the use of metonymies, metaphors, rhyme and meter, a character and situation that are as volatile as the speakers will to change his life. By reducing himself to an attendant lord (not Prince Hamlet), Prufrock agrees to play the secondary character, and not take charge (Eliot 178). His whole discourse lacks strength, and even when he firmly quotes Lazarus: I am Lazarus, come from the dead, / Come back to tell you all, I shall tell you all , he weakens his statement with the apologetic That is not what I meant to say at all. / That is not it, at all (Eliot 278). The elusive m etaphors depict a strong motif: Prufrocks character and situation. Furthermore, they confirm his incapability to transcend a life of triviality and immutability.BibliographyBergonzi, Bernard. Master of World Literature: T.S. Eliot. Ed. Louis Kronenberger. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1972. 14 19. Christ, Carol. On The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock . Modern American Poetry. (2 April 2004) North, Michael. On The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock . Modern American Poetry. (2 April 2004)Raffel, Burton. T.S. Eliot. New York: Fredrick Ungar Publishing Co., Inc., 1982. 24 31.